The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example. B avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. The agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.” It designed the measures to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [5] [3] This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of the instruments of ratification. [4] (iii) Resignations shall commence from the entry into force of this Agreement and shall be concluded within thirty days. [4] The First Indo-Pakistani War, also known as the First Kashmir War (October 22, 1947 – January 5, 1949), took place shortly after the independence of India and Pakistan. A ceasefire agreement led to the creation of the Line of Control (LOC) as the de facto border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. The declaration concluded only hostilities between India and Pakistan at the time, but it still left open the Kashmir issue between the two sides, as neither side has been able to reach an agreement to date. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan to resolve the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (August 5, 1965 – September 23, 1965). It was signed in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, which in turn was part of one of the republics composed of the USSR. The main objective was to re-establish economic and diplomatic relations in the countries concerned, to stay away from the internal and external affairs of the other and to work for the advancement of bilateral relations.

For Prelims et Mains: Has The Simla Agreement – origin, impact and results been successful? The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan. [9] [10] [11] To achieve this objective, the two governments have agreed that the principles and purposes set forth in the Charter of the United Nations govern bilateral relations and that disputes will be resolved by “peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other mutually agreed peaceful means.” Simla Agreement on Bilateral Relations between India and Pakistan signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the President of Pakistan Z. . . .